- De Moya, E. Antonio. “CHAPTER 3: Power Games And Totalitarian Masculinity In The Dominican Republic.” Interrogating Caribbean Masculinities: Theoretical & Empirical Analyses. 68-102. n.p.: University of the West Indies Press, 2004. Caribbean Search. Web. 24 Feb. 2015.
- In this excerpt DeMoya talks about masculinity in Dominican culture. He first touches on a carnival of sorts that is a breeding ground for the overall stereotype of masculinity. This carnival singles out a single man, most likely a husband, who has had an unfaithful partner. This is a sign of poor masculinity in Dominican culture and the crowd of the carnival exerts pressure for him to exemplify his manly hood by confronting his partner as well as who she was cheating on him with. DeMoya goes on to talk about how Dominicans define masculinity as denying all femininity and he addresses this as the root of homophobic tendencies within the culture. This tendency makes them accusing of any signs of femininity in males. DeMoya also talks about the relationship between masculinity and power as she shows the need to display power in order to be regarded as masculine Dominican culture.
- This source relates to my topic as I intend on addressing the idea of masculinity in our culture. I want to talk specifically about how we view the norms of what it is to be a man. This source also relates directly to the book as it talks explicitly about how masculinity is perceived in Dominican culture, the same culture the majority of the character in the book are a part of. This cultural stereotype of masculinity forms how the major characters are perceived by others in the book. This article is perfect as is a scholarly source that fuses the two together.
- The piece is directed to those possibly in a field of anthropology that would like to study the findings of these observations made here in order to come to a better understanding of the Dominican people. It also appeals to those who have heritage in the Caribbean region as it talks directly about the cultural norms around masculinity that have developed in several areas in this region, specifically the Dominican Republic.
- I see this contributing to my paper as it will help me directly link how masculinity plays an essential role in the book. Comparing the stereotypes given in this piece to the actions of characters in the book will allow me to see why others view them the way they do. This piece will also allow me to see similarities in how masculinity is viewed in Dominican culture compared to American culture as it seems to be more essential to the Dominican culture after reading this. “Robert Brannon’s 1976 definition of virility, for instance, summarizes it in four main components: (1) absolute rejection of the feminine; (2) power, success, wealth and social position; (3) emotional control in crises; and (4) being daring and aggressive (see Kimmel 1997),” (De Moya).